The Paris Agreement, adopted in December 2015, is a landmark international agreement that aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The agreement was signed by 195 countries and ratified by 189 of them, including the United States.
The Paris Agreement has several objectives, including:
1. Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions: The Paris Agreement aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to limit global warming. Each country is required to set national targets for reducing their emissions, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These targets are reviewed every five years to ensure progress is being made towards the overall goal of limiting global warming.
2. Adapting to the impacts of climate change: The Paris Agreement acknowledges that some level of climate change is already inevitable, and countries must adapt to its impacts. The agreement includes provisions for providing financial and technical support to developing countries to help them adapt to the impacts of climate change.
3. Promoting sustainable development: The Paris Agreement promotes sustainable development by encouraging countries to shift towards low-carbon economies and to invest in renewable energy. It also recognizes the importance of protecting and enhancing forests, which absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
4. Mobilizing financial resources: The Paris Agreement recognizes the need for financial resources to support countries in their efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Developed countries are encouraged to provide financial support to developing countries to help them implement their NDCs and transition to low-carbon economies.
5. Strengthening transparency and accountability: The Paris Agreement includes provisions for transparency and accountability, requiring countries to report on their progress towards meeting their NDCs and to regularly review and update their targets.
In summary, the Paris Agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The agreement has several objectives, including mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, adapting to the impacts of climate change, promoting sustainable development, mobilizing financial resources, and strengthening transparency and accountability. It is a significant step forward in the global effort to address climate change and ensure a sustainable future for our planet.